trade union

Any organization of employees established in order to substitute, or attempt to substitute, collective bargaining for individual bargaining in the labour-market . Unions seek generally to ensure that earnings and conditions are governed by rules applied consistently across their membership-although many unions also have broader social and political aims. Some are also professional associations.
It is customary to classify unions into types, according to the constituency from which they recruit, in the following way: craft (exclusive to skilled workers); occupational (all workers in an occupation regardless of industry); industrial (all workers in an industry regardless of occupation); general (amalgamations of occupational and industrial organization); and enterprise (all workers in a single company or plant). However, in practice, the typology breaks down in the face of the complexities of actual trade unionism. Numerous controversies surround unions. Can they, in the long run, raise labour's income-share in the face of market forces? How far are they an expression of a limited trade-union consciousness as against a common class consciousness oriented towards the pursuit of the interests of the labour movement as a whole? How are they affected by the particular goals, traditions, and political culture of their leaders, and of the rank-and-file? Do they embody an inherent contradiction between their democratic or populist origin and the oligarchy necessary to effective leadership? There are extensive sociological literatures addressing all of these questions. See also corporate society ; Lenin ; Michels, Robert; professions ; unionateness.

Dictionary of sociology. 2013.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • trade-union — trade union …   Dictionary of sociology

  • trade-union — [ trɛdynjɔ̃; trɛdjunjɔn ] n. f. • 1876; mot angl., de trade « métier » et union « union » ♦ En Grande Bretagne, Syndicat ouvrier corporatiste. Les trade unions. N. m. TRADE UNIONISME [ trɛdynjɔnism ]; adj. et n. TRADE UNIONISTE . ⊗ HOM. Trait d… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • trade union — n: labor union Merriam Webster’s Dictionary of Law. Merriam Webster. 1996. trade union …   Law dictionary

  • trade union — ➔ union * * * trade union UK US noun (UK also trades union, US also labor union) WORKPLACE, HR ► an organization that represents the people who work in a particular industry, protects their rights, and agrees on pay, hours, etc. with their… …   Financial and business terms

  • trade union — trade union, adj. 1. a labor union of craftspeople or workers in related crafts, as distinguished from general workers or a union including all workers in an industry. 2. See labor union. [1825 35] * * * Introduction also called  labour union  … …   Universalium

  • Trade Union — Pays d’origine Paris, FRANCE Genre(s) RnB Hip Hop Années actives 1997 [aujourd hui]. Site Web http://www.myspace.com/tradeunion3 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Trade-Union — Trade Uni|on, Trade|uni|on [ treɪd( )ju:njən ], die; , s [engl. trade union, aus: trade = Genossenschaft u. union = Union]: englische Bez. für: Gewerkschaft. * * * Trade Uni|on, (auch:) Trade|uni|on [ treɪdju:njən], die; , s [engl. trade union,… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • trade union — n. 1. LABOR UNION: also Chiefly Brit. trades union 2. a labor union consisting of workers in a particular trade or craft trade unionism n. trade unionist n …   English World dictionary

  • trade union — also .trades union n BrE an organization, usually in a particular trade or profession, that represents workers, especially in meetings with employers American Equivalent: labor union >trade unionist n >trade unionism n [U] …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Trade-Union — Trade Uni|on, auch Trade|uni|on [ treidju:njən] die; , s <aus engl. trade union zu trade »Genossenschaft« u. union »Vereinigung«> engl. Bez. für Gewerkschaft …   Das große Fremdwörterbuch

  • trade union — trade unions also trades union N COUNT: oft N n A trade union is an organization that has been formed by workers in order to represent their rights and interests to their employers, for example in order to improve working conditions or wages.… …   English dictionary

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